Osteoporosis risk

Osteoporosis Risk

Osteoporosis – Are you at risk?

What is Osteoporosis?

From birth onward, your bones are constantly renewing themselves. Slowly but steadily, old bone is removed and new bone is formed. With advancing age, particularly after menopause, old bone continues to be removed, but new bone formation starts to lag behind.

This results in a gradual and steady decrease in the amount of bone material. This decrease may lead to the condition called osteoporosis, or “porous bones. ” As bone density decreases, the bones become weaker and more likely to break (fracture). Both men and women experience progressive decrease in bone density as they age, however, it will occur more quickly and more severely in some people than others.

Who Will Get Osteoporosis?

The risk of osteoporosis is greater in:

* Women after menopause

* Caucasian and Asian women, though African American women are also at risk

* Women with a family history of osteoporosis

* Women with small bone frames, thin women

* Women and men with certain uncommon medical conditions (such as hyperparathyroidism) or use of certain medications such as cortisone, heparin, seizure medicines, and some cancer treatments.

How Can I Tell if I Have Osteoporosis?

* There are tests that can measure bone strength and the risk of fracture. One test measures your Bone Mineral Density (BMD). Another test measures other structural features of bone. You should discuss with your doctor whether these tests would be helpful for you.

* Description of Testing for Bone strength

There are two main types of tests measuring bone strength:

* Radiography

DEXA (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry)

* Uses radiation to determine bone density.

* The spine and hip are most commonly measured, but the heel, wrist or total body may also be measured.

* The procedure takes up to twenty minutes, and results in about as much radiation exposure as a standard X-ray (if the spine or hip is measured) or less (if the heel or wrist is measured).

** Sound Waves


* Uses sound waves to measure bone structure, so there is no radiation exposure.

* Measurements are made in the heel or in the shin.

* The procedure can be completed quickly, generally in less than ten minutes.

The results of these tests will vary, depending on the machine used and what part of the body studied. Therefore, if your doctor recommends a follow-up test in the future, make sure that the same type of machine is used to test the same part of your body, so that results may be compared accurately and any changes in your bone noted.

Strategies For Bone Health

Regardless of the results of a bone measurement test, all individuals should consider the following measures:


– increase calcium intake from an early age to increase maximum bone density. Foods that are rich in calcium are dairy products, dark green leafy vegetables, tofu and almonds. Dietary supplements are also helpful, and may be necessary for some people to assure adequate intake. The National Academy of Sciences recommends that an “Adequate Intake” of calcium is 1,000 mg/day for individuals under age 50, and 1,200 mg/day in those over 50 years. Vitamin D is also important for calcium absorption and bone health. The recommended daily amount is 400 – 800 IU.

* Exercise

– particularly weight bearing activities such as walking and jogging.

* Life style

– stop smoking, limit alcohol use.

* Medication

Women with decreased estrogen levels, as a result of either surgical or natural menopause, should, in consultation with their physician, discuss the risks and benefits associated with other medical therapies in addition to the steps recommended above. The risks/benefits of each of these therapies are not easily delineated and depend on an individual’s current condition and medical history.





What are 3 risk factors of osteoporosis?

Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:

* Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis.

* Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.

* Poor nutrition and poor general health.

Who is most at risk of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women, especially older women who are past menopause, are at highest risk. Medications, healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.

What are the risk factors of getting osteoporosis?

The risk of getting osteoporosis increases with age as bones naturally become thinner.

* Lifestyle factors.

* Smoking.

* Alcohol use.

* Getting little or no exercise.

* Being small-framed or thin.

* A diet low in foods containing calcium and vitamin D.

What are 5 uncontrollable risk factors associated with osteoporosis?

* Uncontrollable Risk Factors

* Being over age 50.

* Being female.

* Menopause.

* Family history of osteoporosis.

* Low body weight/being small and thin.

* Broken bones or height loss.

Why are females more at risk of osteoporosis?

Women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men because the hormone changes that happen at the menopause directly affect bone density. The female hormone oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. After the menopause, oestrogen levels fall.

What are the warning signs of osteoporosis?

* A stooped posture and even a loss of height over time.

* Back pain that could be caused by a collapsed or fractured vertebra in your back.

* A bone that breaks more easily than expected.

How can you reduce the risk of osteoporosis?

* Prevention of osteoporosis

* have a healthy and varied diet with plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains.

* eat calcium-rich foods.

* absorb enough vitamin D.

* avoid smoking.

* limit alcohol consumption.

* limit caffeine.

* do regular weight-bearing and strength-training activities.

Which type of drug is a risk factor for osteoporosis?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.

What are 7 risk factors for osteoporosis?

These include:

* Smoking. People who smoke lose bone density faster than nonsmokers.

* Alcohol use. Heavy alcohol use can decrease bone formation, and it increases the risk of falling.

* Getting little or no exercise.

* Being small-framed or thin.

* A diet low in foods containing calcium and vitamin D.

What are 4 risk factors that a person can control to decrease their risk for osteoporosis?

Here are six steps to help you reduce your risk of osteoporosis:

* Know your risks. Knowing your risks is the first step to prevention.

* Exercise.

* Look at your calcium and vitamin D intake.

* Stop smoking.

* Limit alcohol consumption.

* Treat the underlying cause of a fracture.