Flu | Influenza

The Flu (Influenza)

The flu is a contagious (catching) disease caused by a virus. It attacks the nose, throat, and lungs. The flu is different from a cold and usually comes on with no warning signs.

What are the symptoms of the flu?

* fever

* cough

* sore throat

* runny or stuffy nose

* headache and muscle ache

* extreme tiredness

How can I catch the flu?

The flu is passed from person to person by coughing and sneezing.

What can I do to prevent it?

* Get a flu vaccine!

Can the vaccine cause the flu?

There are two types of flu vaccines that a person can get. One is a dead virus and it does not cause the flu. The other is a live virus that has been made weak so that any flu symptoms are also made weaker.

How well does the flu shot work?

The shot prevents the flu in 70% to 90% of young, healthy adults.

The shot doesn’t do as well at preventing flu in the elderly and people with certain medical problems. But the shot does reduce the number of elderly who die or need a hospital stay because of the flu.

How well does the Flu Mist (spray) work?

This new vaccine provides another option for protection against the flu. This new vaccine is for people age 5-49 years old. Children 5-8 years old need two doses at least 6 weeks apart in their first year of getting the Flu Mist, and people 9-49 need one dose.

Flu Mist should not be given to people with asthma or other reactive airway diseases. The mist should not be given to children under the age of 5.

People who are allergic to eggs or who have had a reaction to the flu shot or vaccine should not be given the Flu Mist or any other flu vaccine.

Who is at risk?

Everyone is at risk of getting the flu. Some groups of people have a greater risk of getting sick from the virus.

High-Risk Groups:

* People aged 65 years and older.

* Women who will be 6 to 9 months pregnant during the flu season.

* People who live in nursing homes and other health care facilities.

* Adults and children (aged 6 months and older) who have chronic heart or lung disease, including asthma.

* Adults and children (aged 6 months and older) who have diabetes, kidney problems, or blood disorders. Also those who have a weak immune system because of HIV, certain medicines, or treatment for cancer.

* Children and teens (aged 6 months to 18 years) that take aspirin for a long time.

* Health-care workers who have contact with people that may be infected with the flu.

How serious is the flu?

* Most people are over the flu in one or two weeks.

* Some might develop pneumonia (new-MOH-nyuh).

*Every year, about 200,000 people go to the hospital because they have the flu.

* Every year, about 36,000 people die of the flu.

What should I do if I get the flu?

* Get rest.

* Drink lots of water or fruit juice.

* Take aspirin* or acetaminophen (Tylenol) to get rid of pain and fever.

(* Note: Children with the flu should NOT take aspirin)




How long does a flu last?

Symptoms can begin about 1 to 4 days, or an average of 2 days, after a person is first exposed to the influenza virus. Fever and other symptoms can usually last up to 7 to 10 days, but the cough and weakness may last 1 to 2 weeks longer.

What are three symptoms of the flu?

** Flu Symptoms

* fever* or feeling feverish/chills.

* cough.

* sore throat.

* runny or stuffy nose.

* muscle or body aches.

* headaches.

* fatigue (tiredness)

* some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.

How does the flu usually start?

When you get the flu (influenza), it will often start with mild muscle aches, a slight tickle in the throat, or a worn-out feeling you just can’t shake. Common wisdom suggests that if you treat flu when symptoms first appear, you may be able to shorten the duration and severity of the illness.

What is flu?

Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.

How can I recover from the flu faster?

* Stay home. Your body needs time and energy to fight off the flu virus, which means that your daily routine should be put on the backburner.

* Hydrate.

* Sleep as much as possible.

* Ease your breathing.

* Eat healthy foods.

* Add moisture to the air.

* Take OTC medications.

* Try elderberry.

How does flu affect your body?

The influenza virus primarily attacks your respiratory tract: your nose, throat, and the tubes that lead to your lungs. So symptoms like a runny nose, a phlegmy cough, and a sore throat all make a lot of sense.

How can I get rid of the flu fast without medicine?

* Drink water and fluids. Drinking water and other fluids is even more important when you have the flu.

* Get plenty of rest.

* Drink warm broth.

* Up your zinc intake.

* Rinse with salt water.

* Drink herbal tea.

* Apply essential oils.

* Use a humidifier.

How can I get rid of the flu in 24 hours?

How to treat the 24-hour flu at home

* Drink plenty of fluids to replace the fluids lost from diarrhea and vomiting.

* Eat plain or bland foods that are less likely to irritate your stomach.

* Rest up.

* Use an over-the-counter (OTC) anti-vomiting or anti-diarrheal medication.

How fast can the flu hit you?

Flu onset usually happens about one to four days after infection, and symptoms typically last five to seven days. However, fatigue can stick around for a few extra days.

How long are you contagious with the flu?

People with flu are most contagious in the first 3-4 days after their illness begins. Some otherwise healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick.

How does the flu feel?

You typically start to feel bad quickly instead of over time. You may have a high fever, headache and muscle aches, cough, sore throat, and tiredness. You also might have a runny or stuffy nose, chills, headache, and nausea or vomiting.

What helps a flu headache?

* Try a warm compress.

* On the forehead and nose, a warm cloth is a great way to relieve headache or sinus pain.

How do I get rid of the flu ASAP?

* Stay home and get plenty of rest.

* Drink plenty of fluids.

* Treat aches and fever.

* Take care of your cough.

* Sit in a steamy bathroom.

* Run the humidifier.

* Try a lozenge.

* Get salty.

Why does flu get worse at night?

At night, there is less cortisol in your blood. As a result, your white blood cells readily detect and fight infections in your body at this time, provoking the symptoms of the infection to surface, such as fever, congestion, chills, or sweating. Therefore, you feel sicker during the night.

How do I know if my flu is serious?

In adults, symptoms of life-threatening flu complications include:

* feeling short of breath.

* trouble breathing.

* disorientation.

* feeling suddenly dizzy.

* abdominal pain that is severe.

* pain in the chest.

* severe or ongoing vomiting.